Growing bone in exact shapes
BME faculty member Warren Grayson, along with colleagues Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic and others, have grown bone grafts in the exact shape of a desired bone, an advance that could help provide doctors with just what they need for face, skull and other skeletal reconstructions.
Using real bone as a scaffold, they seeded each scaffold with three million commercially available human mesenchymal stem cells, which can give rise to bone, cartilage, fat and other tissues. After five weeks of cultivation in a bioreactor, feeding the cells with streams of nutrients, growth factors and oxygen, the researchers saw functional bone tissue form, taking the exact shape of the scaffold. The perfusion in the bioreactor is critical for the formation of viable bone tissue all the way through the graft, not just on the surface.