JHU biomedical engineering primary faculty
Reza Shadmehr, PhD
Professor and PhD Program Director
Professor of Biomedical Engineering
Professor of Neuroscience
Johns Hopkins University
Lab: Laboratory for Computational Motor Control
B.S., Electrical Engineering, Gonzaga University, 1985
M.S., Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, 1987
Ph.D., Computer Science (Robotics), University of Southern California, 1991
McDonell-Pew Postdoctoral Fellow, MIT, 1991–94
The Laboratory for Computational Motor Control members are engineers, physicists, and physicians, working together to understand the brain. We are intrigued by how the brain controls movements. In particular, how does it learn this control? When it learns a new task, how is the information represented? What parts of the brain are involved in storing the representation? With the passage of time, does the representation change? When there is damage to the brain, can it affect the ability to learn control? If so, can we aid in the process of recovery? We use tools from robotics, computational neuroscience, and functional imaging of the brain to discover the principles of motor control in humans.
Our approach stresses a close integration of viewpoints from robotics and control theory with neuroscience. We are driven to understand the nature of the biological computations that underlie the control of movements. We couple this effort with brain imaging studies and the study of motor disorders in patient populations in order to discover the functional anatomy of the control system and the cause of neurological motor disorders.
JES Choi, PA Vaswani, and R Shadmehr (2014) Vigor of Movements and the Cost of Time in Decision Making. Journal of Neuroscience, 34(4): 1212-1223; doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2798-13.2014
R Shadmehr and S Mussa-Ivaldi (2012) Biological Learning and Control. MIT Press
R Shadmehr and SP Wise (2005) Computational Neurobiology of Reaching and Pointing. MIT Press.
KA Thoroughman, and R Shadmehr (2000) Learning of action through adaptive combination of motor primitives. Nature, 407:742–747
MA Smith, J Brandt, and R Shadmehr (2000) Motor disorder in Huntington's disease begins as a dysfunction in error feedback control. Nature, 403:544–549
R Shadmehr, and HH Holcomb (1997) Neural correlates of motor memory consolidation. Science, 277:821–825
T Brashers-Krug, R Shadmehr, and E Bizzi (1996) Consolidation in human motor memory (PDF). Nature, 382:252–255
R Shadmehr and FA Mussa-Ivaldi (1994) Adaptive representation of dynamics during learning of a motor task. Journal of Neuroscience 14:3208–3224.