JHU biomedical engineering primary faculty
Vikram S. Chib, PhD
BME Assistant Professor
Kennedy Krieger Institute
Lab: Chib Lab
Postdoctoral Scholar, Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology
PhD, Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University
MS, Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University
BS, Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh
Movement is our most fundamental means for acting on our desires. While performing tasks as varied as reaching for a cup of coffee to opening our mouth in conversation, our motor actions allow us to achieve our goals. In every situation the brain serves as the ultimate controller, integrating sensory information with our desired outcome in order to generate an appropriate behavior. I believe that understanding how motivational cues drive our motor actions is crucial for understanding neurobiological control. I have targeted this approach in my research using a unique interdisciplinary perspective that combines approaches from robotics with the fields of neuroscience and economics. My goals are to understand how the nervous system organizes the control of movement, and how resulting rewards — both internal and external — motivate our behaviors. Additionally, my current and future research will apply this knowledge to the design of economic incentive mechanisms for improving worker performance and the development of treatments that reduce neurological and psychological impairments.
Chib VS, Shimojo S, O’Doherty JP. “The effects of incentive framing on performance decrements for large monetary outcomes: behavioral and neural mechanisms.” Journal of Neuroscience, 34 (45), 14833–14844, 2014.
Chib VS, Yun K, Takahashi H, Shimojo S. Noninvasive remote activation of the ventral midbrain by transcranial direct current stimulation of prefrontal cortex. Translational Psychiatry, 3, e268, doi:10.1038/tp.2013.44, 2013.
Chib VS, De Martino B, Shimojo S, O'Doherty JP. Neural Mechanisms Underlying Paradoxical Performance for Monetary Incentives Are Driven by Loss Aversion. Neuron, 74(3): 582–594, 2012.
Chib VS, Rangel A, Shimojo S, O'Doherty JP. Evidence for a Common Represenation of Decision Values for Dissimilar Goods in Human Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 29(39): 12315–1232, 2009.
Chib VS, Krutky MK, Lynch KM, Mussa-Ivaldi FA. The Separate Neural Control of Hand Movements and Contact Forces. Journal of Neuroscience, 29(12): 3939–3947, 2009.